Depok, Indonesia Photo ServicesIt became a recreation place for people and now serves as an exhibition place or for other events. 'Jakarta Flona' , a flower and decoration plants and pet exhibition, is held in this park around August annually. In June 2011, Jakarta had only 10.5% green open spaces , although this grew to 13.94%. There are about 300 integrated child-friendly public spaces in the city in 2019.
By 1930, Batavia had more than 500,000 inhabitants, including 37,067 Europeans. Commercial opportunities in the city attracted native and especially rumah murah pundi artha Chinese and Arab immigrants. Tensions grew as the colonial government tried to restrict Chinese migration through deportations.
They flow from the Puncak highlands to the south of the city, then across the city northwards towards the Java Sea. The Ciliwung River divides the city into the western and eastern districts. Jakarta covers 699.5 square kilometres (270.1 sq mi), the smallest among any Indonesian provinces. However, its metropolitan area covers 6,392 square kilometres , which extends into two of the bordering provinces of West Java and Banten.
Betawi form a minority in the city; most lived in the fringe areas of Jakarta with hardly any Betawi-dominated regions of central Jakarta. Between 1961 and 1980, the population of Jakarta doubled, and during the period 1980–1990, the city's population grew annually by 3.7%. The 2010 census counted some 9.58 million people, well above government estimates. The population rose from 4.5 million in 1970 to 9.5 million in 2010, counting only legal residents, while the population of Greater Jakarta rose from 8.2 million in 1970 to 28.5 million in 2010. As per 2014, the population of Jakarta stood at ten million, with a population density of 15,174 people/km2. In 2014, the population of Greater Jakarta was 30 million, accounting for 11% of Indonesia's overall population.
After securing full independence, Jakarta again became the national capital in 1950. With Jakarta selected to host the 1962 Asian Games, Sukarno, envisaging Jakarta as a great international city, instigated large government-funded projects with openly nationalistic and modernist architecture. The first government was led by a mayor until the end of 1960 when the office was changed to that of a governor.
A spokesperson for the Department for Pollution and Environmental Arrangement Division of the Depok City DLHK Environment Agency said the air pollution level detector is located in the Depok Mayor's Office Complex. The Ministry of Environment and Forests provides help to monitor air quality in and around Depok. New ground-level monitoring equipment was given to the Depok City Environment and Sanitation Service was installed towards the end of 2019. It was noticed that levels of PM2.5 were in excess of the stipulated standard in all three of the chosen schools. Levels of carbon dioxide and formaldehyde were found to be at a safe level and therefore no real threat to health. Research is currently being conducted to determine the quality of air in a school environment.
A student will spend on average, between 6 to 8 hours each day in classrooms. Indoor air quality can be linked to several respiratory diseases for which children can be particularly vulnerable. One reason for this is that they are still growing and their organs are not yet fully grown. RoomsMake yourself at home in one of the 11 air-conditioned rooms featuring kitchenettes with refrigerators and stovetops. LCD televisions with cable programming provide entertainment, while complimentary wireless Internet access keeps you connected. Conveniences include desks and complimentary bottled water, and housekeeping is provided on a limited basis.
However, the Moroccan capital city of Rabat has an avenue named after Sukarno, Indonesia's first president, to commemorate his visit in 1960 and as a token of friendship. Most landmarks, monuments and statues in Jakarta were begun in the 1960s during the Sukarno era, then completed in the Suharto era, while some date from the colonial period. Among the monumental projects were built, initiated, and planned during his administration are the National Monument, Istiqlal mosque, the Legislature Building, and the Gelora Bung Karno stadium. Sukarno also built many nationalistic monuments and statues in the capital city.
Following a revolt, 5,000 Chinese were massacred by the Dutch and natives on 9 October 1740, and the following year, Chinese inhabitants were moved to Glodok outside the city walls. At the beginning of the 19th century, around 400 Arabs and Moors lived in Batavia, a number that changed little during the following decades. Among the commodities traded were fabrics, mainly imported cotton, batik and clothing worn by Arab communities. When relations between Prince Jayawikarta and the Dutch deteriorated, his soldiers attacked the Dutch fortress. His army and the British, however, were defeated by the Dutch, in part owing to the timely arrival of Jan Pieterszoon Coen.
Jakarta is situated on the northwest coast of Java, at the mouth of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay, an inlet of the Java Sea. The northern part of Jakarta is plain land, some areas of which are below sea level and subject to frequent flooding. It is one of only two Asian capital cities located in the southern hemisphere (along with East Timor's Dili). Officially, the area of the Jakarta Special District is 662 km2 of land area and 6,977 km2 of sea area. The Thousand Islands, which are administratively a part of Jakarta, are located in Jakarta Bay, north of the city.
The only Japanese language newspaper is The Daily Jakarta Shimbun (じゃかるた新聞). Other museums include Satria Mandala Military Museum, Museum Sumpah Pemuda, and Lubang Buaya. Jalan Sabang, Jalan Sidoarjo, Jalan Kendal at Menteng area, Kota Tua, Blok S, Blok M, Jalan Tebet are all popular destinations for street-food lovers. Trendy restaurants, cafe and bars can be found at Menteng, Kemang, Jalan Senopati, Kuningan, Senayan, Pantai Indah Kapuk, and Kelapa Gading. Chinese street-food is plentiful at Jalan Pangeran, Manga Besar and Petak Sembilan in the old Jakarta area, while the Little Tokyo area of Blok M has many Japanese style restaurants and bars.
At one time, it was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies, when it was known as Batavia. Jakarta was officially a city within West Java until 1960, when its official status was changed to a province with special capital region distinction. As a province, its government consists of five administrative cities and one administrative regency. Jakarta is an alpha world city and is the seat of the ASEAN secretariat, making it an important city for international diplomacy. Financial institutions such as the Bank of Indonesia, Indonesia Stock Exchange, and corporate headquarters of numerous Indonesian companies and multinational corporations are located in the city.
The former Batavia Stadhuis, Sunda Kelapa port in Jakarta Old Town is another landmark. The Gama Tower building in South Jakarta, at 310 metres, is the tallest building in Indonesia. After independence, the process of nation-building in Indonesia and demolishing the memory of colonialism was as important as the symbolic building of arterial roads, monuments, and government buildings. The National Monument in Jakarta, designed by Sukarno, is Indonesia's beacon of nationalism. In the early 1960s, Jakarta provided highways and super-scale cultural monuments as well as Senayan Sports Stadium.
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